Review of Endoscopic Lung Volume Reduction Interventions

Endoscopic lung volume reduction is a less invasive and potentially beneficial intervention for patients who may not be candidates for traditional lung volume reduction surgery. There are many different interventions, ranging from various stents and occluders to polymers, coils, and thermal vapor ablation. In this review article, we will discuss the various therapies available, analyze the available literature, provide insight into future direction, and offer guidance for the practicing pulmonologist in navigating this ever-expanding field. …